Vocal Cord Nodules

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Vocal cord nodules (also known as vocal nodes or singer’s nodes) are a frequent cause of hoarseness, particularly in people who use their voice a lot. Vocal cord nodules are like “calluses” on the vocal cords and form as a result of repetitive banging of the vocal cords against each other when the voice is used excessively or too harshly. This causes the delicate outer layer of the vocal cords to get swollen and thickened, causing little bumps (nodules) on the surface of the vocal cords and making it difficult for the vocal cords to vibrate normally.

The most common symptom of vocal cord nodules is a hoarse voice. The voice often has a breathy, rough, or strained quality. Some people may notice that their voice tires out more easily or they run out of air when talking, or that their voice quality gets worse the more they use their voice. Singers may notice trouble sustaining notes or loss of the upper vocal register.

Vocal cord nodules are most commonly seen in people who use their voice throughout the day, such as teachers, singers, fitness instructors, and coaches.

Vocal cord nodules are best diagnosed by examination of the vocal cords with high-resolution videostroboscopy (a “strobe” exam) by a fellowship-trained laryngologist.

In the majority of cases, vocal cord nodules can be effectively treated by a combination of temporarily reducing voice use and working with a qualified voice therapist (speech-language pathologist) to improve vocal technique and eliminate harmful vocal behaviors. Addressing other factors that can irritate the vocal cords (such as acid reflux, allergies, and coughing) is also an important part of effective treatment. In the few cases that don’t respond to these initial treatment steps, procedures such as vocal cord steroid injections or vocal cord surgery to remove the nodules may be required, but it should be noted that MOST cases of vocal cord nodules resolve without needing to have a procedure done.

As a fellowship-trained laryngologist, Dr. Benjamin Rafii has extensive experience and the highest level of technical expertise in the diagnosis and treatment of vocal cord nodules.


Dr. Benjamin Rafii is proud to be recognized as a Top Doctor in Los Angeles Magazine in 2021, 2022, and 2023 for ENT. Located conveniently in SAG-AFTRA Plaza in the heart of LA, we serve patients throughout Los Angeles, including Beverly Hills, Central LA, Hollywood, West Hollywood, West LA, Santa Monica, Brentwood, Culver City, Silver Lake, Echo Park, and DTLA. We also gladly serve domestic and international patients traveling to Los Angeles; please contact our office for assistance in making travel arrangements.